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Sultan bin Abdulaziz

Sultan bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (1928 – 22 October 2011) called Sultan al-Khair   Sultan of goodness) in Saudi Arabia [1] was the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia from 2005 to 2011.

Early life and education

Sultan was born in Riyadh in 1928.[2] He was the 12th son of King Abdulaziz[3] and his mother was Hassa bint Ahmed Al Sudairi.[4] He was the second of Sudairi Seven.[5][6] Prince Sultan, along with many of his brothers, received his early education in religion, modern culture, and diplomacy at the royal court.[2][6]

Early experience

His career in public service began in 1940 when he was made a deputy to then Riyadh governor or emir, Prince Nasser.[6] In 1947, Prince Sultan replaced Prince Nasser as governor of Riyadh.[7][8] Prince Sultan also assisted King Abdulaziz's attempts to establish a national administrative system based on the Islamic Sharia law during this period.[7] In 1947, Prince Sultan oversaw ARAMCO's construction of the Kingdom's rail link between Dammam and Riyadh. He was appointed as the kingdom’s first minister of agriculture in 1953[7] and minister of transport in 1955.[9] Although his direct military experience was brief, heading the Royal Guard in Riyadh in the early 1950s, he felt a lifelong connection to the military and the cause of Saudi independence from an early age.[10] 

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